Mammography is a method of examination in the Radiological field, based on obtaining polyprojection X-rays of the mammary glands for diagnostic purposes.
Indications for mammography
- appearance of lumps in the breast or axillary areas;
- any discharge or tightness of the skin in the nipple area;
- presence of chest discomfort, atypical soreness;
- traumatic breast injury;
- for annual routine check-up (screening);
- on the recommendation of a mammologist or after an ultrasound of the mammary glands (if cancer is suspected), etc.
- it is important to remember that mammography is recommended for all women starting from the age of 40, at intervals of once every 2 years (provided that the patient does not belong to the risk group). Starting from the age of 50, such an examination should be performed annually.
The St. Paraskeva Medical Center has a powerful radiology department with innovative diagnostic equipment of the highest world level. One of them is the modern HOLOGIC LORAD M4 Platinum Mammography mammograph (USA).
- obtaining X-ray images in two projections (direct and lateral), which allows you to better assess the condition of the mammary glands;
- a quick diagnostic method that can be obtained in 15 minutes after the examination;
- low-dose mammography protocol in which the irradiation dose does not exceed 0.1 moz (for 1 image).
- Mammography (two glands in two projections) 1395 uah
- Mammography in additional projections 1045 uah
- Mammography with ultrasound examination 1895 uah
- Mammography with ultrasound of the mammary glands (target) 1695 uah
- Mammography package with consultation of a mammologist, leading specialist2170 uah
- Package Mammography with ultrasound of the mammary glands (target) and consultation with a mammologist 2565 uah
- Mammography package with consultation with a mammologist1965 uah
Lesia VarshavskaRadiologist of the mammography room, Radiologist of the MRI room, Ultrasound doctor of the mammography room
Oksana GorbkovaRadiologist of the mammography room, Ultrasound doctor of the mammography room
Preparing for mammography
There is no special preparation for mammography, but the radiologist of the mammography room recommends before the examination:
- it is best to carry out a routine examination in the first 10 days after the end of menstruation (the breasts are the least sensitive during this period, so the examination will be without discomfort or pain);
- on the day of diagnosis, it is advisable not to use lotions, powders, deodorants or other body cosmetics in the breast area (some cosmetic compounds can cause artifacts on X-ray images);
- if mammography is performed again, it is worth taking the previous (last) X-rays with you for comparative diagnosis by a radiologist.
The examination begins with filling in the information consent for the examination, where the patient ticks the necessary boxes. The next step is to remove outerwear and underwear to the belt. The X-ray technician adjusts the device for diagnostics and correctly places the patient's chest. The duration of mammography of both mammary glands (in two projections) is 5-7 minutes.
At the end of the examination, the patient dresses and waits for the result for about 15 minutes. The conclusion of the radiologist and the mammography images can be obtained by e-mail or at the reception at St. Paraskeva Medical Center.
The received radiation load must be recorded and indicated in the doctor's report. The estimated radiation dose is 0.4 MOH (for preventive purposes, the total permissible radiation dose per year is 1 MOH).
Contraindications to mammography
There are no absolute contraindications to mammography, the relative ones include:
- for pregnant women, mammography is performed only if there is a referral from the Attending Physician;
- women who have breast implants are not recommended to undergo the examination to avoid damage to the integrity of the implant (an alternative method is ultrasound or multiparametric MRI of the breast, which are performed at the St. Paraskeva Medical Center).
When should I get a mammogram?
Prophylactically 1 time in 2 years for women over 40 years of age, after 50 — 1 time a year. The reason to undergo the examination is: lump in the breast, detected changes on ultrasound, suspicion of microcalcifications, control after surgery.
How does the mammography procedure work?
This is an X-ray diagnostic method with a slight compression of the mammary glands. It is made in two projections (straight, oblique). The duration of the examination is up to 15 minutes.
How does mammography differ from ultrasound?
Ultrasound is characterized by better visualization of the dense gland, the ability to distinguish a tissue mass from a fluid mass, the absence of compression and restrictions on the number of examinations per year. Mammography detects microcalcifications (which can be the initial manifestations of cancer), clearly visualizes the structure of large mammary glands.
Who can't get a mammogram?
Pregnancy or the presence of implants in the mammary glands may be contraindications (if necessary, it is carried out only by referral of a doctor).